บทคัดย่อ (ABSTRACT)

Undergraduate Students’ Projects on Computer-Assisted Instruction in Chemistry during Year 2005-2013

บทคัดย่อ (ABSTRACT)

Science education reform emphasizes innovative and constructivist views of science
teaching and learning that promotes active learning environments, dynamic instructions,
and authentic science experiments. Technology-based and hands-on instructional designs
are among innovative science teaching and learning methods. Research shows that these
two types of instructional methods designed with constructivist views of science are more
beneficial for students in learning science concepts when compared to traditional science
instruction. However, the comparison of effectiveness of the two approaches as well as
their affordances has not been clearly addressed. This paper presents a case study
comparing the effectiveness of computer-based versus hands-on instructional activity on
learning electric circuits. The results show that both approaches significantly improved
pre-service mathematics and science teachers’ learning of electric circuits. The two types
of instructional activities did not significantly differ from each other in terms of learning
gains. However, hands-on activity provided ample opportunities for group interaction as
well as task-related discussions. This study shows that both computer-based and hands-on
activities can be effective when utilized in the right classroom environment.